At this time when calls come from everywhere for the operationalization of the framework and the declaration of Incheon (Education 2030) , it is worrying to notice that less than 2% of funds raised for humanitarian aid are allocated to education, Timbuktu Institute examines the conditions, that Africa does not create yet, to get benefits from demographic dividend.
Dr. Bakary Sambe, Coordinator of the Observatory of Radicalisms and Religious Conflicts, is indignant about » the fact that in Sahel countries , there is , paradoxically, a general lack of youth policies with long levers and strategies , ».
Yet, this educational and demographic issue is to link with the economic and developmental dimension of the issue of radicalization highly dependent on socio-economic factors that are hidden often behind the ideological and religious criteria.
For researchers of Timbuktu Institute, « there is now a worrying trend of population explosive growth with deteriorate educational situation throughout our country. »
They warned that » Niger which currently has15 million inhabitants will reach 55 million by 2050, while Burkina Faso will have 46 million inhabitants. Chad which currently has 11 million will reach 27 million and Mali which had 14 million in 2014 will reach 42 million; « especially the economic growth does not follow this population growth. In addition there is a lack of educational policies »
For Timbuktu Institute-African Center for Peace Studies, « this change will make the Sahel a populated area of 230 million in 2050 that is means more populated than the Maghreb and the rest of the continent »
Institute specifies that « the case of Mali and Niger, for example, are very obvious in this general trend among the Sahel countries. The Institute highlights that Chad, for example, is the case of a country under security pressure with difficult economic circumstances which is worsening its dependence of neighboring countries while it should faces other challenges « .
According to the conclusions of the Observatory of Radicalisms and Religious Conflicts in Africa (ORRCA), the instrument of action research and prospective of Timbuktu Institute, « today, in most of the Sahel countries the social and economic factors remain relevant to explain the link between poor development, poverty and tilting towards violent extremism »