IVORY COAST : The French presence: Between reforms and commitments Spécial


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In Côte d'Ivoire, a reflection on the legacy of the African Cup of Nations (CAN) has highlighted its role in the history of decolonization and African identity. In this respect, the euphoric victory at the CAN can also be interpreted as a major political asset for President Alassane Ouattara ahead of the upcoming elections, reinforcing his image as a charismatic leader and national unifier. Indeed, he has granted presidential pardons to 51 personalities convicted during past crises, including General Bruno Dogbo, signalling a desire for reconciliation and political détente.

On another note, Emmanuel Macron's personal envoy, Jean-Marie Bockel, visited the French military base in Côte d'Ivoire, announcing a reform of their status and mission in Africa. This visit raised questions about their geopolitical and security involvement in the region. This was followed by Alassane Ouattara's visit to France, welcomed by Emmanuel Macron to discuss French reorganization in Africa.

Meanwhile, Côte d'Ivoire has stepped up its efforts to meet the challenges of climate change, securing a $1.3 billion loan from the International Monetary Fund to finance its energy transition and ecological initiatives, in this case forest protection and restoration. 

Meanwhile, Laurent Gbagbo, former president of Côte d'Ivoire, has been nominated as the candidate of the African People's Party - Côte d'Ivoire (PPA-CI) for the 2025 presidential election. Despite his ineligibility and previous conviction, Gbagbo, who has been acquitted of war crimes charges by the ICC, is once again running for power. Finally, a draft law on electronic communications is causing concern among Ivorian journalists, who fear it will restrict press freedom.