CAMEROON - The continuing Boko Haram tragedy Spécial

© Médecins Sans Frontières © Médecins Sans Frontières

In April 2024, Cameroon was confronted with a series of deadly attacks perpetrated by the terrorist group Boko Haram in the Far North region. These attacks resulted in the death of several civilians, including a member of a vigilance committee. In particular, the attack on the island of Kofiya, where fishermen were massacred, aroused strong emotions and underlined the security challenges facing the local population.

At the same time, Cameroon's security forces were targeted, with the death of a soldier from the Multinational Mixed Force (FMM) in an attack in Zingué.

In terms of cultural life, the inauguration of the museum dedicated to the history of the Bamoun kingdom represents a significant event. This museum offers an opportunity to highlight the importance of Cameroon's historical and cultural heritage, particularly that of local populations such as the Bamouns.

However, despite these positive advances in the field of culture, the country continues to face major humanitarian challenges. The saturation of the Minawao refugee camp in the Far North region highlights the growing pressure on infrastructure and resources due to the continuing influx of refugees fleeing the violence of Boko Haram.

In addition, the release of three Cameroonian hostages held in Nigeria was a moment of relief, but also a reminder of the persistent threats to the safety of civilians and humanitarian workers in the region.

Finally, calls for the release of Marafa Hamidou Yaya, a political prisoner, raise questions about the human rights and justice situation in Cameroon. This case highlights concerns about prolonged detentions and allegations of politically-motivated treatment of prisoners.